Category: Starting data first

REStful web service

REStful web service

A RESTful web service is created using the New Web Service Wizard, and currently only supports URL encoded parameters. This web service type is using the HTTP protocol and can be secured with SSL. The parameters are sent either in the request URL as e.g. http://url/path?p1=abc&p2=def or in the request body for larger data, using the HTTP methods GET, POST, PUT or DELETE.

Using the database analogy, the methods corresponds as Get = select/read, Post = update, Put = insert/create and Delete = delete.

The RESTful web services properties for a request are:

  • URI
    Defines the web service URI including protocol, port specification (if required), but without the query (or parameters) part that starts with a question mark (?).
  • Method
    Select the HTTP method to use, i.e. one of GET, POST, PUT or DELETE.
  • Override method
    Specifies the method that overrides the request. Certain services (e.g. Google) uses a POST method overridden by a GET. In this case, specify GET as the overriding method. This technique is sometimes required to provide additional data that can be limited with e.g. the GET request.
  • Encoding
    Specifies the encoding for the parameters, default is UTF-8.
  • Read timeout
    Sets the maximum read timeout in milliseconds for the socket connection and is used to control the response time. The default value is 20000, i.e. 20 seconds. If a reply is not received within this time, the web service request fails with a timeout.
  • NameSpace
    Sets the namespace to use for the input parameters. All input parameters must be located in this namespace (but the input and output namespaces can be different).
  • Class
    Used for advanced processing, building and/or manipulation of the request. The class must implement the interface It has a single method that is called prior to formatting the web service request, enabling e.g. fetching a Token that is used in the request to identify the requestor. See the JavaDoc of the interface for more information.


Creating a request

A free and public web service that gets the geolocation of an IP address is used in this chapter (see for more information).

Fill in the request parameters as shown below:

In this case, the JSON reply format is chosen due to get_json.php(the path defines JSON for this service). The VirtualSpace “start” is also connected to the request.

Web Services

Web Services

The Web Services data connector connects web services with VirtualSpace Fields and Tables as a web service consumer.

There are currently two supported web services types:

  • RESTful (REpresentational State Transfer) using URL encoded parameters, and
  • SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol versions 1.1 and 1.2) using WSDL definitions.

The RESTful type is typically used for “simple” stateless services, whereas SOAP using WSDL is formal and more complex, also providing XML Schema validation of requests and replies.

The REST services are more unpredictable than SOAP services as the reply can vary both in format and contents in many cases. The positive about REST is that the services generally are simple, easy to use and fast to implement. It is not the necessarily the service architecture that makes it so, often it is just the fact that the services are not so complex.

Make sure that the Module project has the Web Services connector enabled in order to be able to define a new Web Service.

The folder used in the Module project is .

Web Services Editor

The Web Service Editor is divided into two areas; the left side is used for the request, i.e. for all parameters that makes up what is going to be sent to the remote party, and the right side for the remote reply that is received.

The top part of each area consists of a tree structure of the request and the reply respectively. The bottom part contains a property editor to edit the selected item in the tree of the same area.

VirtualSpace Table creation

VirtualSpace Table creation

Now that results are present, the VirtualSpace Table can be created and connected to the columns using the tool:  Wizard to create the vsTable, the columns and the connections. Click on the table creation wizard to open a prompt to create the table with 4 columns named as the database columns; if asked to open the VirtualSpace, reply No. The database editor tree now shows the connection of the result to the table and columns instead of the VirtualSpace.

Database connector editor tree view

Now select the populate table tool:  Populates the connected vsTable with the rows of last result set.

The tool will ask you to populate twenty-three rows in the vsTable, and although it prompts you to go to the vsTable, select “No”. Hover the mouse over the table or over the columns in the VirtualSpace reference column to display the tooltip. The tooltip for the vsTable also displays the first five rows and the connections. By carefully moving the mouse into the tooltip – to avoid dismissing it – you can select a column header in the table. This will open the VirtualSpace Editor and focus the selected column.

VirtualSpace table editor
Connect to a VirtualSpace

Connect to a VirtualSpace

Once you have connected to an existing database or initiated a new iiziDatabase for your iiziApp, you are ready to connect to a VirtualSpace. The data can be efficiently coupled to a vsTable once a VirtualSpace is connected to your Input and Result Set. In the Database Connector Editor, specify the VirtualSpace connection for the Input variables and Result set.

In our example the same VirtualSpace is used for both input and output, here named “start”, but the result could be placed in a different VirtualSpace. To view SQL Results, right-click in the query statement editor and select Run SQL, and the SQL Results view located at the bottom pane in the workspace will show the following:

SQL Results view
Database transaction types

Database transaction types

The SQL Builder supports the SQL Query Statement types SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE. If the statement syntax does not match these types, the SQL builder helper parts are disabled. The SQL syntax is always verified and errors are shown with red squiggly underlines. Hover the mouse over this location to display a tooltip which will indicate the current problem. To re-enable the SQL Builder, correct the SQL syntax and make sure to have the correct types that are listed above.

Select the context menu item Omit Current Schema, followed by selecting the checkbox for SQL statement generation:

Statement generation for database connector
Database connector editor

As the statement builds up, the left side will show the result set columns with the SQL datatypes.

Database editor

Database editor

The Database Editor consists of an SQL Builder that helps you build your query statement. On the left of the Database Editor, you define the properties for the Input and the Result and the connections to a VirtualSpace.

Database Connector editor

SQL Builder

The top-right entry field is used to input or build the SQL query statement. The right-middle area is used to specify the tables and columns and to create join’s. The right-bottom part specifies sorting, conditions, grouping, etc.

Create a new Database

Create a new Database

Above the BIRT sample database is used, and is available through ‘Help > Install New Software’ (and select category Business Intelligence, Reporting Tools = BIRT).

Select ‘New’ to add a new Connection Profile.


Connect to an existing Database

Connect to an existing Database

Before a database transaction can be created, a Connection Profile needs to be created. It contains information that specifies the JDBC driver and parameters, database name and location, and sometimes a user account for accessing the data.

Create a new Database Transaction using the New Database Transaction Wizard.

What does starting data-first mean?

What does starting data-first mean?

If your app requires that you start from your data provider first, iiziGo provides the Database Data Connector for connecting transactions with the VirtualSpace. The iiziGo plugin utilizes Eclipse Data Tools Platform (DTP), while the iiziServer uses a direct JDBC implementation. Make sure that the Module project has the Database connector plug-in enabled to define a new Database Transaction (DB Transaction).

To enable the database connectors:

  • Right click your project folder in the iizi Explorer and select ‘Properties’.
  • Tick Database connector and ‘Apply and close’.
  • will appear in the iizi Explorer.
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